Perception of migrants and voting for extreme right-wing parties: the role of history
The objective of the research project is to empirically the impact the perceptions of migrants have in explaining the propensity to vote for extreme right-wing parties. In order to exploit exogenous variation in the perceptions of migrants at the local level, we use the different exposure at the local level to the existence of commercial routes with Africa in the Middle Ages, the idea being that exposure to African people might have generated a more open mind towards very different people and this different attitude may have persisted over time. The research project will use a survey on the perceptions of migrants in Italy as well as election outcomes, which should be complemented by the reconstruction of commercial links between Italy and Africa in the Middle Ages.
The economic impact of High-speed railways in Italy
The objective of the research project is to empirically investigate a still poorly understood topic, namely the impact of high-speed railways in Italy on a set of economic outcomes, such as production, productivity, innovation, economic dynamics, and allocative efficiency. The research project will use modern counterfactual impact evaluation techniques in order to identify the impact of high-speed railways (differences-in-differences; incidental treatment approach and instrumental variables. The research project will seek to uncover the existence of heterogeneous treatment effects ad well ad the existence of spillovers.
Environmental accounting: potential implementations to high environmental quality enterprises in Liguria
Research fellow: Costanza Di Fabio
Scientific Officer: Prof. Paola Ramassa
The research project and its activity relate to European projects PROBIODIV (Promuovere la biodiversità e gli habitat come fattore di sviluppo sostenibile dei territori: attuazione di una governance per la valorizzazione e la protezione attiva e partecipativa della biodiversità transalpina - Bando Interreg V-A ALCOTRA 2014-20) and CAMBIO VIA (Cammini e biodiversità: valorizzazione itinerari e accessibilità per la transumanza - Bando Interreg Marittimo It-Fr "014-20). In particular, this project aims at evaluating potential implementations of environmental accounting in the context of high environmental quality enterprises in Liguria and at shedding light on the strengths/weaknesses arising from the enterprises' internal environment and the opportunities/threats arising from their external environment. The project also aims at assessing the needs of entrepreneurs operating in this context in terms of business education and training and contributing to the design of proposals addressing these needs.
Economic and statical analysis for supporting decision-makers in health care
The project aims to use economic/pharmaco-economic analysis and statistical methods applied to administrative data flows to support decision-making in the social and health sector. The focus of the project will be the Liguria Region and a Real World Evidence approach will be applied to assess the impact of some recent reforms or reform proposals through econometric and policy-evaluation tools. The most important issues that will be addressed concern: use of health services, demographic aging. chronicity, the socio-demographic analysis applied to specific pathologies, drug consumption and adherence to therapy, drug distribution channels.
Implementing innovations for boosting Tourim, Art and Heritage management
The proposed activity will focus on the study of the innovative processes related to the promotion and management of Tourism, Art and Heritage local activities. The proposed research is linked to the creation of local heritage and arts as main drivers for sustainable Tourism. The Hub will be established at the University of Genoa as part of Europen funded project (Ulysseus Erasmus+). The selected candidate will be expected to cooperate with the abovementioned EU project partners in order to identify a strategy for the effective initial establishment and future development of the Hub.
An econometric model to forecast the Ligurian GDP: an application using the CPT data.
The aim of the project is to identify the data and an econometric model able of forecast the Ligurian GDP and to simulate the impact of public policies. This would generate important information to plan the short and medium term public choices. In general, the identification of regional indicators is difficult due to the poor availability of representative sample used to build the indicators adopted to evaluate the economic activities. In this respect, the territorial public accounts (CPT) represent an important source of information.
Assessing Marine Industry Sustainable Energy Transition
The research focuses on the assessment of the immpacts of the energy transition on marine related stakeholders and different local communities. The initiative is part of the Curiosity Driven funded project titled: "Assessing Marine Industry Sustainable Energy Transition"
The project will have to assess innovative implementation processes of different energy technologies in the shipping sectors with the aim of differentiating the socio-economic impacts of the energy transition on specific stakeholders:
- pot operators
- shipping companies
The analysis will also aim to link the industry modifications to potential impacts on related local communities. The analysis will then be primarily data on the application of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies.
Massive analysis of financial data using artificial intelligence technologies
The project aims to develop procedures aimed at analyzing large quantities of data in the financial are; we focus our attention on the analysis of data related to various subjects involved in territorial areas. Companies and public organizations will be considered in order to implement adequate economic policies. Since a lot of information that may have relevance in the evaluation of the financial aspects is not structured by their nature, the possibility of using unstructured information coming mainly from free text will be explored, such as the notes to the financial statements, the management reports, the certifications, etc.
Economic and statical analysis of the impact of ageing and chronicity on the sustainability of regional health systems
In the coming years, given the progressive demographic ageing of the population, there will be variations in the needs and demand for healthcare services. In the presence of the elderly population, there is an increase in the incidence of chronic diseases with a consequent impact on healthcare needs. In the National Chronicity Plan, it is estimated that a component between 70 and 80% of the health resources of advanced countries is absorbed by the management of chronic diseases.
The aim of the project is to produce economic, statistical and pharmacoeconomics analyses to support economic, health and social policy decisions. In particular, the project will be focused on Liguria (the oldest region in Europe) and the attention will be focused on the elderly and fragile population, through the statistical and economic analysis of regional and national administrative data flows.
Innovation and allocation of resources in the health sector
The use of digital technologies and innovative therapies in healthcare represents a great opportunity to improve clinical outcomes and increase the number of years of life lived in good health. However, innovation has a significant impact on the sustainability of health systems and could produce a concentration of resources on a few groups of individuals, generally elderly and multi-chronic. The project aims to investigate the share of health resources (in terms of hospitalizations, access to the emergency room, drugs, and medical devices, specialist visits) absorbed by a selection of pathologies of interest in Liguria. The identification of pathologies and subjects with high resource absorption is a crucial step for the definition of sustainable and fair policy actions.
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